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From David Wiley's Definition of OER:

The terms "open content" and "open educational resources" describe any copyrightable work (traditionally excluding software, which is described by other terms like "open source") that is either (1) in the public domain or (2) licensed in a manner that provides everyone with free and perpetual permission to engage in the 5R activities:

  1. Retain - make, own, and control a copy of the resource (e.g., download and keep your own copy)
  2. Revise - edit, adapt, and modify your copy of the resource (e.g., translate into another language)
  3. Remix - combine your original or revised copy of the resource with other existing material to create something new (e.g., make a mashup)
  4. Reuse - use your original, revised, or remixed copy of the resource publicly (e.g., on a website, in a presentation, in a class)
  5. Redistribute - share copies of your original, revised, or remixed copy of the resource with others (e.g., post a copy online or give one to a friend)

Faculty at colleges and universities around the world are joining the Open Educational Resource (OER) movement to save students money, take control over course materials, and improve learning. The Academic Senate for the California Community Colleges is currently undertaking an initiative to increase the availability and adoptability of OER texts and course materials. This research guide explains what constitutes OER, the initiative from ASCCC, OER Resources, and how to adopt and modify OER to better suit your classes.

Use the tabs at the top of the page to navigate around the guide. 


Defining the "Open" in Open Content and Open Educational Resources by David Wiley is licensed under CC BY 4.0.


Your OER Librarian

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Brooke Ramos
(559) 325-5215

OER Advisory Committee

Interested in OER? Want to spread the word about it at CCC? Join us at our OER Committee Meetings!

The OER Committee meets in AC2-276 at 3:00 PM on the first Tuesday of every month. Please email Stephanie Coffman or Brooke Ramos if you have any questions or are interested in joining us!

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This research guide was adapted from Bristol Community College's Open Educational Resources Research Guide by Susan Souza-Mort, Northwestern Michigan College's Open Educational Resources Research Guide by NMC Librarians, and University of Illinois Open Educational Resources (OER) Research Guide by the University of Illinois Library Scholarly Communication and Publishing Department and is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.